Why is it important?

As a future technology, HAPS platforms will open a new market for remote sensing and surveillance by offering disruptive and complementary applications to services enabled by satellites, terrestrial infrastructures and Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), at relatively low cost.

Project highlights:

Providing a detailed analysis of existing technology gaps and service limitations for stakeholders involved in maritime operations and surveillance activities and definition of attainable services and application domains for HAPS platforms to address existing limitations and gaps

Identification of system and performance requirements to explore payload components and infrastructure conforming to the requirements of the target user community

Extensive review of earth observation sensors to define a payload package consistent with user and platform specific requirements

In more detail..

Still in the early stage of development, production and operation, High Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) offers the potential to open a new market for remote sensing and surveillance in the future. Operating for extended time periods at an altitude of approximately 20 km, HAPS platforms will enable time critical and continuous monitoring and surveillance over specific areas of interest at relatively low cost.

In the ESA funded project ‘services enabled by HAPS complemented by satellites’, DHI GRAS explores the feasibility and capability of HAPS enabled services to extend the capabilities of satellites and Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) in the domain of Earth Observation. The main objective is to propose potential services for HAPS that exploit the characteristics of the individual platforms and evaluate the maturity of payload technologies necessary to facilitate service provision.

Through an extensive stakeholder engagement process with potential end-users of HAPS enabled services within maritime operations and surveillance, we established a baseline for a system service definition and payload configuration that addresses the primary technology gaps and service limitations within target user communities. Through this analysis the client gained critical insight into the potential uptake and viability of services enabled by HAPS platforms.

European Space Agency:

The European Space Agency (ESA) is the European space programme and its mission is to explore Earth, its immediate space environment, our Solar System and the Universe.

ESA also works closely with space organisations outside Europe to develop satellite-based technologies and services, and to promote European industries.